When a loved one passes away, what legal steps should their survivors take to settle the estate, and why is it important to locate and validate any existing will or estate plan as soon as possible after the death? Taking quick action can ease administration and prevent potential disputes down the line.

Under Indian succession rules, the probate process is crucial to the validity of a will and to the effective execution of the testator’s last desires. In order to prove the will’s legality after the testator passes away, the executor files a probate petition with the High Court. The court verifies the authenticity of the will and the documents Required for Probate, invites any objections, and may call witnesses to testify. If satisfied, the executor is given the go-ahead to execute the distribution provisions of the will by the court when probate is granted.

In general, Indian probate helps establish authenticity, prevents asset disputes, clarifies execution, and guarantees the testator’s legal wishes are carried out in accordance with the terms of the will.

Documents Required for Probate

Here are some of the key documents typically required for probate in India:

1. Original Will

One of the most important documents for a will’s probate is this one. It is the actual written will of the deceased person that specifies how their possessions will be distributed.

2. Death Certificate

In order to demonstrate that the testator is no longer living, the deceased person’s death certificate is necessary.

3. Identity Proof of Executor

In order to carry out the will’s execution, the Executor’s identity must be verified by the court.

4. Witness Affidavits

These attest to the fact that the testator signed the will while these people were present.

5. Property Valuation

All of the assets and property belonging to the deceased are included in this document that lists the worth of the Estate.

6. Court papers

Completing a plethora of court papers and files is a necessary step in the probate process.

7. Executor’s Oath

The will’s executor takes an oath promising to carry out their responsibilities with integrity and loyalty.

Also Read: Succession Certificate vs Probate

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the essential documents required to initiate the probate process in India?

The essential documents required to initiate the probate process in India are:

1. Original will
2. Death certificate
3. Proof of residency and identity,
4. List of legal heirs and application for probate.

2. Do applicants need to provide the original copy of the will for probate in India?

Yes, applicants typically need to provide the original copy of the will for probate in India to ensure its authenticity.

3. Do executors need to submit the deceased’s death certificate for probate in India?

Yes, executors usually need to submit the deceased’s death certificate as part of the probate process in India.

4. What identification documents are required for the executor or applicant during the probate process in India?

Identification documents required for the executor or applicant during the probate process in India are:

1. Aadhar card,
2. Passport, or Government-issued IDs

5. Are there any court fees or stamps required for filing for probate in India?

Yes, court fees are required for filing a probate application in India. The specific amount may vary depending on the jurisdiction.

6. What documentation is required from the will’s beneficiaries for probate in India?

Beneficiaries typically need to provide their identification documents, such as Aadhar card or passport, and may be involved in witness affidavits.


In India, a particular set of documents is needed for the probate process, which is necessary to validate and carry out a deceased person’s will. Since reproductions are typically not allowed, the original will itself is the most important document. To prove the deceased person’s passing, a copy of their death certificate is also required. Usually, documentation of the deceased’s identity and proof of residency is needed, as is a list of the legal heirs and their connections. A formal application for probate must be filed with the appropriate court, and witnesses to the will may be required to furnish affidavits. It is also necessary to pay court fees, which differ depending on the jurisdiction, with the application. In some cases, surety bonds may be required, and the court may mandate the publication of a notice in local newspapers to inform the public about the probate proceedings.

Furthermore, it is frequently necessary for executors—those in charge of carrying out the will of the deceased—to provide identifying documents, like their passport or Aadhar card. In India, the successful completion of the probate procedure depends on strict respect to these document criteria. To guarantee a seamless and legally sound probate proceedings, legal practitioners should be consulted.