Property transfer from father to son in India can be done in several ways. The most common method is through a gift deed. Under the gift deed, the father can gift any immovable property like land, house, commercial space etc. to his son as per his own wish. There is no limit on the value of property that can be gifted from father to son.

The father must complete a registered gift deed that is witnessed by two people in order to transfer the property. The property’s specifics and the son’s role as the gift’s recipient are included in this deed. Prior to the deed being registered, stamp duty on the transaction must be paid. The property is registered and then transferred into the son’s name, making him the only owner. The son cannot lose the property once it has been transferred; but, the father may still impose restrictions after giving it to him. It is an irreversible transfer. All things considered, a father can smoothly transfer property to his son in India by completing a registered gift deed.

How Can Son Receive Father’s Property In India

Rules Of Inheritance

In accordance with the Hindu Succession Act of 1956, a Hindu who dies intestate leaves behind self-acquired property that will pass to his sons, daughters, widow, and mother, who are classified as Class I heirs. The son and the daughter share the same property rights.

Property Share

The Class I heirs receive an equal portion of the property. The son will inherit the whole estate if there is only one son and no daughters. Each of the two boys and two daughters will receive an equal 25% of the estate.

Succession Certificate

In the event that a person passes away without leaving a will, a succession certificate is necessary to give his movable property to his rightful heirs. It attests to the fact that the individual claiming the property is the rightful heir and successor and is issued by a civil court.

Applying For The Certificate

The son may file an application for a succession certificate in the jurisdictional civil court by submitting the required paperwork, including an indemnity bond and affidavit. Other family members who are making a claim will receive notices.

Transfer Of Assets

The heir may receive the deceased father’s bank accounts, insurance policies, shares, securities, and investments if the court grants the certificate following verification and the notice time.

Common Challenges And Their Solutions

Here are some of the common challenges faced in transfer of property from father to son in India and the possible solutions:

High Stamp Duty

The amount of stamp duty that must be paid at the time a gift deed is registered varies by state and can be as high as 5–10%. This considerably raises the transaction expenses. Applying for a stamp duty reduction, if it is possible for property transfers between blood relations, is the solution.

Capital Gains Tax

Short-term capital gains tax is imposed even on gifts if the father received the property less than three years ago. The sole option is to register the gift deed after the three-year time has elapsed.

Consent From Other Heirs

In order to avoid disagreements down the road, the father may require a No Objection Certificate from other heirs, such as his wife and daughters, even for properties he has purchased on his own. Following the registration of the gift deed, each heir must provide written authorization.

Disgruntled Heirs’ Disputes

Any heir may later and lawfully contest the gift deed by asserting their share. To avoid future disputes, the father can include stipulations that deny the donee’s rights to their property while he is still living.

Financer Restrictions

If the property is mortgaged or financed, the financer must approve the transfer in order for them to keep the entire loan amount. One way to handle this is to start the gift transfer process after the house loan has fully foreclosed.

A successful property transfer from father to son can be facilitated by careful preparation, consents, and documentation procedures. Navigating rules also benefits from speaking with a legal expert.


A registered gift deed is the most popular method used in India for fathers to give their son ownership of self-acquired property. The Hindu Succession Act of 1956 grants the boy the same inheritance rights as a daughter. In the event of an intestate death, the assets are split equally among the sons, daughters, widow, and mother who are classified as Class I heirs. The son can also acquire a succession certificate from a civil court to demonstrate his legal claim over the deceased father’s movable assets such bank accounts, investments etc. These property transfers do, however, come with hefty taxes and stamp charges. To avoid disputes, additional consents from other heirs might be required. Overall, a smooth property transfer from father to son depends on careful planning and following the law.


1. What legal steps are involved in transferring property from a father to his son?

The legal steps involved are: executing a registered gift deed signed by witnesses, paying applicable stamp duty, obtaining required consents from heirs, awaiting capital gains tax period, inserting conditions if needed, and accessing movable assets via a succession certificate.

2. Is it necessary to create a will for a father to transfer property to his son?

No, it is not mandatory to create a will for a father to transfer property to his son in India. He is able to lawfully transfer property by registering and stamping a gift deed. To leave property for heirs, a will is not necessary.

3. What documents are required for a father to transfer property to his son?

The documents required are – Gift deed with property details and son as recipient, ID and address proofs of father and son, Consents from other legal heirs if any, Previous property sale deeds and tax payments, NOC from property financer, if mortgaged.

4. Are there any tax implications when a father transfers property to his son?

Yes, a parent transferring property to his son may have tax ramifications. The short-term capital gains tax may be applicable if the property was purchased less than three years ago. The registration of the gift deed also carries a 5–10% stamp tax, which raises the cost of the transaction. Proper preparation should be done to reduce tax liabilities.

5. Can a father transfer only a portion of his property to his son?

Yes, a father can transfer only a portion of his self-acquired property to his son and does not need to gift his entire property holding. He has the flexibility to transfer any part of his immovable assets to his son as per his choice. The gift deed will mention the details of only that portion of property being gifted.

6. What if the son is a minor – how does the property transfer process work?

If the son is a minor, the property can be gifted to him as a guardian will be appointed. The gift deed needs to be registered in the guardian’s name on behalf of the minor son beneficiary.

7. Can a father revoke the transfer of property after it has been completed?

No, the father cannot revoke the transfer once the gift deed is registered and stamp duty is paid, as the transfer of property from father to son is irrevocable by law.